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Archive for August, 2012

Alarm about the Disttrack/Shamoon Malware

August 29, 2012 Leave a comment

got this handy email from TrenMicro, would like to share it with you:

Disttrack/Shamoon Malware Overwrites Files

Last week reports of Disttrack/Shamoon malware, which overwrites files and infects the Master Boot Record (MBR) of infected systems, surfaced. Trend Micro detects the said malware as WORM_DISTTRACK.A via pattern file 9.328.04.

Currently, its arrival method is still undetermined. It is found to spread to other computers by dropping copies of itself in administrative shares. Its dropped copy may use file names such as clean.exe or dvdquery.exe.

How it works:

Shamoon is unusual because it goes to great lengths to ensure destroyed data can never be recovered, something that is rarely seen in targeted attacks. It has self-propagation capabilities that allow it to spread from computer to computer using shared network disks. It drops two primary components:
TROJ_WIPMBR.A and TROJ_DISTTRACK.A. TROJ_WIPMBR.A gathers the files to be infected in the computer. It then overwrites disks with a small portion of a JPEG image found on the Internet. Once overwritten, these files can no longer be restored or opened.
On the other hand, TROJ_DISTTRACK.A serves as the communicator. TROJ_WIPMBR.A passes the list of files it infects to TROJ_DISTTRACK.A. TROJ_DISTTRACK.A then creates a connection to an IP and sends the list of files, along with the IP address of the infected computer. It also uses what appears to be a legitimate system driver to gain low-level access to a hard drive so it can wipe the master boot record Windows machines rely on to boot up. The malware also reports back to the attackers with information about the number of files that were destroyed, the IP address of the infected computer, and a random number.

How to identify an infection:

Unlike most malware, which rarely destroy files or wipe the Master Boot Record, Shamoon cripples the victims computer once it has stolen the data and is rendered unusable. However PC virus logs will still be able to indicate whether an infection has occurred.

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Categories: Security related Tags: ,

Join me at the next event, Microsoft private cloud using Hyper-v and System Center hosted by Microsoft MEA Academic Center

August 28, 2012 Leave a comment

Next Wednesday, I will be speaking at one of the Microsoft MEA Academic Center events, In this event I will speak about the Private Cloud concepts and patterns, then delving on the Private Cloud Architecture using Microsoft Hyper-v and System Center then moving to the Private/Cloud user case and future innovations possibility.

from the event description:

In this session we will explore the cloud concepts and principles setting the ground for the cloud knowledge, then taking extra steps on how to build the private cloud using Windows Server 2012 and System center and finalizing
by integration and extensibility options of private, public and hybrid cloud and use cases.

I have built this session on top of the amazing session by Tom Schinder “Private Cloud Concepts and Patterns”, I believe that this session is the most important session in 2012, not because it contains valuable information but because it clearly defines what is the cloud, its architecture and the principles and concepts, then delving to the actual implementation and use case.

You Can Join us using the following Link:

https://join.microsoft.com/meet/b-amshad/F9CLHSSD

I will be waiting for you.

Mahmoud

“The Jury Has Spoken” some thoughts about Samsung Vs. Apple from my consumer mind

August 25, 2012 2 comments

Today, The Jury has decided the Samsung stolen some of Apple’s innovations and patents and ordered Samsung to pay Apple more than 1 Billion USD, afterwards Apple’s CEO sent this amazing email:

Today was an important day for Apple and for innovators everywhere.

Many of you have been closely following the trial against Samsung in San Jose for the past few weeks. We chose legal action very reluctantly and only after repeatedly asking Samsung to stop copying our work. For us this lawsuit has always been about something much more important than patents or money. It’s about values. We value originality and innovation and pour our lives into making the best products on earth. And we do this to delight our customers, not for competitors to flagrantly copy.

We owe a debt of gratitude to the jury who invested their time in listening to our story. We were thrilled to finally have the opportunity to tell it. The mountain of evidence presented during the trial showed that Samsung’s copying went far deeper than we knew.

The jury has now spoken. We applaud them for finding Samsung’s behavior willful and for sending a loud and clear message that stealing isn’t right.

I am very proud of the work that each of you do.

Today, values have won and I hope the whole world listens.

Tim

I found the message impressive because it has it all, Apple won because of their effort to create something original, the walked the hall 10,000 miles to create something that is original and not they find it original, they got a court verdict they they are original.

but I am not a philosopher nor business SME, I am a phone consumer and when I decided to buy a phone I found that my phone “Samsung Galaxy SII” was much better phone than it counter iPhone.

The android application are very rich, the phone is awesome and it does what I want, so I appreciate that Apple is original, but what about creating a good phone that really beats the others.

In the Egyptian and gulf market there are a lot of copycat phones from China that mimic Nokia, Apple and Samsung, do they have a market share?, hell not!!!

So why did Samsung got their market share?, it is because they make really good phones, I am not a business SME nor a mobile market expert but Apple; you are original but you need to compete and make good phones that can win.

congrats to Apple I love you being original, but as a consumer I will buy my wife the Samsung Galaxy SIII.

Categories: bla bla bla Tags: , , ,

Automate patch & restart management in the #datacenter using #Microsoft Orchestrator and #wsus #sysctr #automation #mvpbuzz

August 18, 2012 3 comments

Introduction:

I have been working on a very interesting task next week for our cloud which is patch management automation.

One of the challenges we face as service provider or cloud provider if you are not a service provider is the patch management within our infrastructure and the cloud.

for years there have been tools and applications that can push updates from vendors to our servers; WSUS and SCCM are great examples of those, but there has been a missing part of the puzzle.

What about the restart management for those Servers/Application, how do we manage the relationship between servers patches, restart and restart order, let us take a deeper look to that.

Suppose that you have a typical infrastructure; this could be based on the cloud or not, This infrastructure consists of the following:

  • 2 Domain Controllers.
  • 1 SQL cluster; 2 Nodes.
  • 2 IIS Front-End Servers running a web application.
  • 2 TMG 2010 servers.

suppose that you use WSUS/SCCM, specified restart schedule and approved the updates, and waiting for servers restart, you have 2 options here:

  • if you had all the servers using single restart option; this means that all servers will reboot in the same time.
  • configure multiple scheduling based on OU/GPO, servers will restart based on schedules for different roles which is fine.

In the first option IIS servers will usually restart faster than SQL cluster; their web application might not start because SQL is not running, IIS serves might restart before the Domain Controllers, and might find the required credentials needed to start the web applications and same for SQL clusters that might reboot before DC and the SQL cluster fails, at the end of the day; who knows?!

the second option is cool, however you will have a larger maintenance window, you don’t know when servers will finish rebooting so you will have to wait and assign 30 minutes for DC reboot for example, then another 30 minutes then SQL servers reboot…etc, but this hurts your SLA and increases your maintenance window.

The Solution:

Somehow, you know your infrastructure requirements, so you know the restart order and priority for your servers, you need to have this relationship mapping first before anything else; as this will be the foundation.

You don’t need a fancy visio diagram or relationship table, all what you need is a simple table saying for example:

Server Name Restart Order
Server1 1
Server2 2

and this is an example,you can go as much complex as you want.

later you can use System Center Orchestrator to automate your patching and restart based on the relationship you defined, this is a very effective way to save your life and time, Orchestrator can interpret your restart order, force servers that needs restart to restart in the order you specified in the schedule you need or you can kick the hall process manually it doesn’t make a difference.

The How:

Disclaimer: use this article at your own risk, the solution described here is not the complete one, you need to do further testing, customization and modification to be enterprise ready, the scripted, files and workflows here are provided AS-IS without any warranty.

Building the blocks: In this section we explore the high-level architecture of the solution and its components and then we proceed with its implementation.

The requirements is very simple, we are using WSUS to deploy updates to servers, we have a restart order as the above table for example we want to restart our servers according to the above restart order.

The Lab Setup: I am running 1 Domain Controller that also hosts my WSUS server, 1 Orchestrator Server running SQL 2008 and Orchestrator, 4 Servers running Windows 2008 (srv1, srv2, srv3,srv4).

The restart order for servers is as following:

Server Name Restart Order
srv1 1
srv2 3
srv3 4
srv4 2

I mapped this restart order in a simple SQL Database configured as the following:

image

The Runbooks Architecture:

The Orchestrator has 3 RBs defined to achieve what we want:

    1. the first RB is the launcher, it queries the the database using the following simple query: (use test select hostname from restartordertbl order by restartorder), it queries the table and retrieve the server names and order them with their restart order.
    2. the RB then writes the servers with their restart priority to a text file, it will be used by a later RB to query server names from that text file (you can write you own script to step that in SQL or csv file, I used text file for simplicity).
    3. the RB sets counters of no. of rows returned, the the incremental counter used in looping and invokes the Core RB.image
    4. the Core RB is the core RB for this environment, it gets the counters, compare them if they are not equal it knows that it needs to loop and then proceeds with reading from the text file.
    5. you need to know that the link between the compare value action and append line action (the link with the purple color ) performs the actual decision it allows the RB to proceed only if the value is false which means the values are not equal and stops if the values are equal which means the loop is completed or there is no servers returned by the query.
    6. it executes the following powershell script to know if the server is pending reboot or not (

$baseKey = [Microsoft.Win32.RegistryKey]::OpenRemoteBaseKey(“LocalMachine”, “\`d.T.~Ed/{A7DF762F-4857-4114-9AD9-AD7FE15F7148}.LineText\`d.T.~Ed/”)
$key = $baseKey.OpenSubKey(“Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Component Based Servicing\”)
$subkeys = $key.GetSubKeyNames()
$key.Close()
$baseKey.Close()
If ($subkeys | Where {$_ -eq “RebootPending”})
{
throw “updates”
}
Else
{

})

the scripts queries the pending reboot status of the machine, if the machine is pending reboot then it will break throwing an error, if not it will complete correctly.

  1. The Link between the run powershell action and the restart action (in red color) allows the RB to take the restart path only of the powershell result is failed which is caused by the break event as the server in this case will be pending restart. if not it will take the other path (the green link) which means that server is not pending restart and starts the “Counter Increaser” RB.image
  2. the counter increaser RB is the simplest one, it simply increases the incremental counter and invokes the Core RB looping again.

Things to note:

  • in order to loop in Orchestrator you can’t loop within the RB, you need to use another RB for that this is why I have the Counter Increaser RB.
  • the powershell could restart the machine, but that didn’t work for me so I used the restart action.
  • you can check the link behaviour by selecting a link and click properties.
    Things that needs improvement:

This is a test RBs, we use different RBs in production that meets our specific environment, you will need to modify that above RPs to do:

  • Server checking if the server online or not.
  • the RBs does restart directly, you will need to include sleep time and restart check to make sure that server completed its restart before proceed with the other restart.
  • make the process parallel and maybe restart servers that are not related to others directly.
  • send notification to administrator or customer.
  • run post restart checks to make sure that server completed the reboto and services started successfully.
  • maybe integrate that with SCSM and go with approvals and workflows from there.

you can go epic with this foundation, be dynamic in servers query and database names this can go endless, use this RBs as your foundation and add more and more blocks to meet your infrastructure and customers’ goals, also feel free to comment or ask question I will be glad to do so.

attached below the working RBs they include every thing, make sure to check each step and read description thoroughly, you can download them from https://skydrive.live.com/embed?cid=6B566FD2C47B21C4&resid=6B566FD2C47B21C4%21130&authkey=AB25TJ854Zc4IT0

until later time and happy Eid

Mahmoud

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